March 25, 2009
156th session. Lawyer César Nakazaki continued to present his final arguments, saying this session that the Colina Detachment did exist, but that it was under the command of the Army Intelligence Service (SIE) which had no ties to his defendant, former president Alberto Fujimori.
I. Arguments of Fujimori’s defense
Dirty war methods applied by the SIE
Nakazaki claimed that the counter-subversive policy executed during Fujimori’s government was not compatible with a “dirty war.” Rather a successful “clean war” policy was applied, he said. This was implemented through Government Directive No. 011-90 “National Defense Planning Strategy,” passed on Dec. 10, 1990 through Supreme Decree No. 066-90 which permitted the defeat of subversive groups Shining Path and the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA).
Additionally, Nakazaki recognized the existence of the Colina Military Detachment that acted as part of the SIE, committing the Barrios Altos and La Cantuta massacres with “dirty war” methods. However, the lawyer said this military detachment never had a functional or de facto relationship with Fujimori: “If the Army Intelligence Service did not believe in the counter-subversive policy, that is the SIE’s problem and not Fujimori’s…”
It is important to remember that Alberto Pinto Cárdenas was director of the SIE in 1992 when the Cantuta crime was committed. Pintos testified in this human rights trial that the Colina Military Detachment was under the command of the Army Intelligence Office (DINTE). Pinto is currently serving a 20-year prison sentence for the Cantuta crime and is being tried for the Barrios Altos crime.
II. Outside the courtroom
Fujimorista Congressman contradicts Fujimori’s daughter
Though Keiko Fujimori, the former president’s daughter, affirmed that a prison sentence for Fujimori would only strengthen her political party, Congressman Carlos Raffo, from the same political party, denied that a guilty verdict would necessarily be positive for the party.
III. Next session
The next trial session will be on Friday, March 27. The Court has decided that Nakazaki will not have a time limit to finish his closing arguments, thus having all day to conclude in order to not limit the rights of Fujimori’s defense.
Afterward, Fujimori himself will present his own arguments in his defense, which he has already announced will require two trial sessions.