On the fifth day of the criminal trial held against Fujimori, the Court began the session by refusing the defense’s request, made the first day of the trial on Dec. 10, that the defendant be provided with a laptop computer.
During questioning today by Prosecutor Peláez Bardales, Fujimori recognized that Vladimiro Montesions was a “key part” and the person who, in practice, most widely coordinated and “managed” the National Intelligence System, created by presidential decree on July 21, 1992, after the president’s “self-coup.”
Fujimori admitted that he planned the execution of a coup on April 5th, along with Montesinos 15 days prior to the event. In these 15 days, Fujimori met with the Armed Forces on several occasions and “recommended orders” which they were to execute during the military actions of the coup.
Afterward, Fujimori confessed the possibility of Montesinos’ participation in the preparation of the June 1995 Amnesty Law. The law granted general amnesty to soldiers, police and civilians who were reported, investigated or condemned during the “fight against terrorism.” This, in effect, included the Colina group members. In March 2001, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights declared the Amnesty Law incompatible with the American Convention of Human Rights.
Symbolic moment for victims’ families
In a symbolic for families of victims’ of human rights violations during Fujimori’s regime, Ernesto Gamarra – formerly the anti-corruption lawyer between 2001 and 2004 for the cases involving Montesinos and Fujimori – examined Fujimori. Gamarra’s main question was how so many human rights violations were committed and never investigated if Fujimori is, as he says, a man who respects human rights.
Gamarra asked him in detail about the following cases: Ernesto Castillo Paéz, disappeared university student; 55 disappeared students from the Universidad del Centro; 15 murdered inhabitants of Huancavelica, one of the departments most affected by the violence of 1980-2000; extrajudicial executions between 1990 and 1994 in Huánuco; the murder of journalist Pedro Yauri in June 1992; the murder of Rafael Ventosilla and five members of his family in June 1992; the murder of intelligence agent Mariela Barreto in April 1997; and the extrajudicial executions at the Huallaga River, among other cases.