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Chronology: Fujimori, from president to defendant

December 16th, 2008 · No Comments


On December 10 of this year, the criminal proceedings against former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori for crimes against humanity completed a year since their start. The trial includes the kidnapping of businessman Samuel Dyer and journalist Gustavo Gorriti, as well as the extrajudicial executions at Barrios Altos and the university at La Cantuta. 

Fujimori faces a possible 30-year sentence if convicted. The Public Prosecutor’s Office has accused the ex-president of command responsibility for the crimes.

In light of the anniversary, fujimoriontrial.org has prepared a chronology of Fujimori’s human rights trial:

Criminal Trial

According to the Peruvian Constitution and legislation, a special court within the Supreme Court must be created for criminal trials against government officials.

December 10, 2007. The Peruvian Supreme Court’s Permanent Criminal Court, presided by three judges (César San Martín, Víctor Prado and Hugo Príncipe) began the public hearing for Fujimori’s human rights trial.

December 11, 2007. The Judicial Power found Fujimori guilty for the case of forced entry into the house of Vladimiro Montesinos’ wife, resulting in a six-year sentence.

February 18, 2008. Fifteen former agents of the military death squad known as Colina finished giving testimony. According to what the agents testified, the Colina group was a military detachment within the Peruvian armed forces and reported to the Army Intelligence Office (DINTE), which in turn reported to the National Intelligence Office (SIN). Colina was responsible for the Barrios Altos and La Cantuta crimes, as well as others that have not been included in this trial.

March 26, 2008. Former DINTE director, Juan Rivero Lazo testified, confirming that the Colina agents were part of the Army Intelligence Service (SIE), who had unofficially been transferred from the SIN.

April 8, 2008. The Peruvian Judiciary condemned Julio Salazar Monroe, head of the SIN during Fujimori’s government, to 35 years in prison for command responsibility in the forced disappearances of La Cantuta. This marked the first time in Peru that a high-ranking military official was condemned. Salazar Monroe’s lawyer, César Nakazaki, is also representing Alberto Fujimori.

April 10, 2008. The Supreme Court’s Second Special Criminal Court upheld the six-year sentence against Fujimori for forced entry, establishing that this would end in September 2013.

June 27, 2008. Julio Salazar Monroe finished testifying. Over the course of his testimony, he confirmed that he carried out orders given by Fujimori, that the SIN reported directly to the president and that he delegated his responsibility as SIN director to presidential advisor Vladimiro Montesinos. He also claimed that Fujimori ordered for secret amounts of money to be given to Montesinos.

June 30, 2008. Vladimiro Montesinos testified in Fujimori’s trial, saying that Fujimori was not responsible for the crimes he was accused of. This encounter was the first time the former president and his advisor had seen each other since Montesinos fled from Peru in 2000. Due to Montesinos’ conduct, considered damaging to the trial, the Court struck his testimony from the record.

August 8, 2008. Máximo San Román, Fujimori’s vice president until the April 1992 coup d’état, testified that in 1990 and 1992 he gave the former president information on the Colina Detachment’s existence, the crimes perpetrated and Montesinos’ involvement.