Fujimori on Trial :: Fujimori procesado

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US expert says declassified documents demonstrate that state crimes were committed

September 10th, 2008 · No Comments

(US expert Kate Doyle)

September 8, 2008

Ninety-eighth session. US expert Kate Doyle, of the National Archives at George Washington University, spoke during the session. The lawyers for the victims’ families had asked Doyle to testify as an international expert on the understanding and implications of US government declassified documents. According to the expert, there was a double strategy in Fujimori’s government, one that respected the Rule of Law and another that violated human rights.

1. Incidents during the trial

 

Fujimori’s health

At approximately 10 am, after the trial session had already begun, pro-Fujimori Congresswoman Keiko Sofía Fujimori — Alberto Fujimori’s daughter — gave a press conference in Congress, where she announced that the tumor on her father’s pancreas was not cancerous. She also said that the doctor who examined her father recommended reducing the trial’s daily duration. Trial sessions currently last less than six hours, with recesses every two hours, and are held three times a week. However, the Court made no mention of Fujimori’s medical exams, implying that it has not yet received them.

2. International expert – Among the most interesting aspects of what expert Kate Doyle said:

 

According to Doyle, the 49 declassified documents from the US State Department demonstrate that Alberto Fujimori’s government had two government strategies:

1.     A public strategy that respected the Rule of Law

2.     Another secret strategy that was not considered legal, which was used to commit state crimes in the counter-subversive struggle.

The expert said that since 1990, there was an early and constant concern not only from the ambassador but also in Washington. The cables sent by officials asked questions, requiring more investigation into certain issues. This concern was expressed by the US ambassador in Peru, Anthony Quainton, due to the Peruvian army’s and National Intelligence Service’s supposed involvement in the Barrios Altos and La Cantuta crimes.

Doyle also said that the US ambassador’s concerns reveal that the illegal operations were a result of the government’s policies and were not a result of the army, police force or intelligence service. It was clear, she said, that Fujimori’s government was trying to cover up the security services’ human rights abuses, since neither the Barrios Altos nor La Cantuta crimes were investigated.

Other trials in which US declassified documents have been used

Doyle said that declassified documents have helped prove cases against former heads of state, such as Juan María Bordaberry, the former Uruguayan president who was condemned in 2006 for state crimes. She also mentioned the cases of Guatemala and Argentina.

 

Request by Fujimori’s lawyer

César Nakazaki, Fujimori’s lawyer, asked the Court to request the Directive No. 001 – 90 – MD/FDM “Strategic Planning for National Defense” from the Defense Ministry. This Public Prosecutor and the lawyers for the victims’ families backed this request, which the Court said it would resolve next session.

 

3. Next session 

The Court announced that for the next session on Wednesday, Sept. 10, the three experts from the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team (EPAF) will speak.

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