Fujimori on Trial :: Fujimori procesado

Accountability in Action :: Rindiendo cuentas

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Former Colina agent Sosa says there was a Plan Cipango, but from 1988-1989

August 7th, 2008 · No Comments

August 6, 2008 

Eighty-seventh session. Former Colina Detachment agent, Jesús Sosa Saavedra, continued his testimony, confirming the Colina members who participated in the Barrios Altos, La Cantuta and Pedro Yauri crimes.

1.              Incidents surrounding the criminal trial


Pubic prosecutor investigates change in penitentiary regime

Since the media has been questioning the changes made by the National Penitentiary Institute’s in Alberto Fujimori’s penitentiary regime — made possible through the creation of a “Itinerant Technical Board” created specially to evaluate Fujimori’s penitentiary regime — the Public Prosecutor’s Office ordered for a public investigation to be started. The Special Execution Code, which should be used to evaluate Fujimori’s penitentiary regime, does not mention any “Itinerant Technical Board.”


Jesús Sosa Saavedra’s lawyer

The witness’ lawyer, Jesús Harman Mallma, has also represented Vladimiro Montesinos in the past.

2. Sosa’s testimony – Among the most important parts of Sosa’s testimony for this trial:


Participation in crime involving Ecuadorian spy

Sosa mentioned once again that in 1988, while Alan García was president, he participated in the murder of an Ecuadorian spy. He also repeated that according to what he was told by Col. Oswaldo Hanke, the order for the crime came from Alan García, who is currently the president of Peru after being elected once again in 2006. García’s party, the APRA (American Popular Revolutionary Alliance), currently shares the Congressional Directive Board with the pro-Fujimori party.


The Colina Detachment’s creation

According to what Santiago Martín Rivas told Sosa, three Commander Generals of the Armed Forces who were in the Joint Command approved the proposal to establish the Colina military detachment. Thus not only was the Peruvian Army aware of Colina’s start, but also the national Marines and Air Force, meaning that Colina was not a product of the National Intelligence Service (SIN), headed by Montesinos.


Plan Cipango

The witness said that he did not know the document presented as Plan Cipango, which according to the Public Prosecutor’s Office gave birth to the Colina Detachment. However, Sosa did say that he participated in the Cipango “Operative Plans” 1, 2 and 3 but that these were planned between 1988 and 1989, before Fujimori became president. The word Cipango was used in the past to refer to Japan, and is seemingly an odd name for a Peruvian army operative plan used in 1988-1989.


Colina’s crimes: Barrios Altos, La Cantuta, Pedro Yauri and El Santa

Sosa repeated that between the years 1991 and 1992, he participated in the Colina crimes that ended in “elimination” (extrajudicial executions).


No knowledge of whether Fujimori was aware of the crimes

Santiago Martín Rivas, Colina’s operative leader, never talked to Sosa about whether Fujimori had any participation in these crimes. Likewise, in a meeting held with the Colina agents, Army Commander General Nicolás de Bari Hermoza Ríos did not tell the agents that they had Alberto Fujimori’s support, but rather the support of “all the generals.”


Sosa also denied having talked to other former Colina agents about Fujimori giving the detachment his support. In doing so, Sosa attempted to discredit the testimonies of Isaac Paquiyauri Huaytalla (who said in this trial that Fujimori backed Colina’s activity) and Julio Chuqui Aguirre (who said in this trial that Hermoza Ríos said that Fujimori knew of Colina’s activity). According to Sosa — who confessed his participation in the Barrios Altos, La Cantuta, Pedro Yauri and El Santa crimes — Paquiyauri and Chuqui had immoral conduct.


3.  Next session – At the end of the session, the President of the Court announced that for the next session on Aug. 8, former Vice President Máximo San Romás will be called to testify. San Román was dismissed from his office after the April 5, 1992 coup d’état.