Fujimori on Trial :: Fujimori procesado

Accountability in Action :: Rindiendo cuentas

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Witness Julio Salazar says executive orders were written by the SIN

June 5th, 2008 · No Comments

(Witness Julio Salazar Monroe. Picture from the Judicial Power.)

June 4, 2008 

Sixty-seventh session. Former Peruvian army general, Julio Salazar Monroe continued with his testimony. Salazar was also former head of the National Intelligence Service (SIN) and is currently sentences to 35 years in prison for forced disappearance in the La Cantuta case. As in the last session, Salazar made a notable effort to not incriminate Fujimori, including contradicting the testimony he gave in 2001 when Fujimori was in Japan and was not expected to return to Peru.


1. Incidents during the hearing:


Serious lack of coordination delays session.

Though the session began at 9 am, it had to be postponed since the National Penitentiary Institute (INPE) did not transfer the witness, Julio Salazar Monroe, to where the public hearing takes place. The Court was very surprised since the transfer had already been coordinated by the INPE.

 From left to right: Presiding Judges Víctor Prado Saldarriaga, César San Martín – President of the Court – and Hugo Príncipe Trujillo.) 

The hearing will be suspended until June 11 due to a surgery Fujimori will undergo on June 5.


2. Julio Salazar Monroe’s testimony. The state prosecutor’s examination of the witness continued, with the aim to demonstrate that Fujimori had command over the Colina detachment through Vladimiro Montesinos — the ex-president’s personal advisor and de facto head of the SIN — as stated in the prosecution’s accusation (page 30). The most important parts of Salazar’s testimony:

Norms created in the SIN.

Salazar admitted that after the coup d’état on April 5, 1992, the norms emitted by the government were created in the SIN by SIN advisors Vladimiro Montesinos, Rafael Merino Bartet and Pedro Huertas Caballero.


Vladimiro Montesinos.

When Salazar assumed his position as SIN director in 1991, Montesinos had already worked within the SIN as Fujimori’s personal advisor without being formally named. Thus Montesinos continued to have full access to everything he needed in order to continue his work. In the previous session, Salazar admitted that it was Montesinos who gave him the position of SIN director.


Unexplained irregularities.

The witness did not know how to explain why he was given the honorable title of “Military General” when he had already retired. He was also unable to explain his contradiction regarding his promotion. In the last session, he said that he was promoted through a resolution by the Democratic Constituent Congress; however, he was reminded this session that he was promoted through an executive order, signed by Fujimori.


4. Next session will continue with Julio Salazar Monroe’s testimony.

The next session will take place on Wednesday, June 11, 2008, and Julio Salazar Monroe will continue his testimony. After this witness, Vladimiro Montesinos will be summoned, as well as former Commander General of the Peruvian Army, Nicolás de Bari Hermoza Ríos, who is represented by the same lawyer as Julio Salazar Monroe and Alberto Fujimori.


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