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Ketín Vidal says subversive leader’s capture was police work

May 28th, 2008 · No Comments

Witness Ketín Vidal Herrera. Picture from the Judicial Power.

May 27, 2008

Sixty-third session. Former Peruvian military general, Rodolfo Robles Espinoza continued his testimony from the previous sessions and former police general, Antonio Ketín Vidal Herrera also testified. Robles insisted that the Colina military detachment was under Fujimori’s command and Vidal said that the National Intelligence Service was not involved in the capture of Abimael Guzmán, leader of subversive group Shining Path.

1. Incidents during the hearing:

 

Fujimori’s health, 19 exams.

According to the preoperative medical evaluation plan (to be carried out by the specialist from the National Institute of Neoplastic Illnesses), Fujimori will undergo a total of 19 preoperative medical exams on Tuesdays, Thursdays or Saturdays, as long as they do not interfere with his criminal trial.

 

New trial evidence.

The lawyers for the victims’ families provided the Court with new documents as evidence, including norms published in 1991 in the official newspaper “El Peruano” (The Peruvian), which indicate the direct participation of former president Fujimori in giving arms to the rural Self-Defense Committees through military officials, as well as Fujimori’s entry into La Cantuta University and the National Center University where he was similarly accompanied by military officials.

 

2. Rodolfo Robles Espinoza’s testimonyAmong the most important aspects testified by Robles:

 

Defense strategy.

César Nakazaki, Fujimori’s defense lawyer, continued his examination of Robles. This time, for more than four hours the questions centered on whether there were orders or directives, if they were verbal or not, in order to try and confuse the witness. It’s important to keep in mind Nakazaki’s strategy is that Fujimori is innocent since there is not a signed order for the murders. Robles insisted that Fujimori authorized the murder of La Cantuta. Nakazaki asked if Fujimori was the person who gave the order. Robles said that Vladimiro Montesinos informed Fujimori, who authorized the order. Robles also insisted that Fujimori broke the norms.

 

False information?

On examining the head of the Army Intelligence Service (SIE) in 1991, Víctor Raúl Silva Mendoza, lawyer César Nakazaki asked the witness if he was unaware that the criminal charges against him had been removed. The witness didn’t know this, however, one of the lawyers for the victims’ families intervened to clarify that Silva Mendoza is still on trial for the Barrios Altos case and the information given by Nakazaki was false.

Two sessions ago, Nakazaki also told press that it is possible for the hearing to continue in Fujimori’s absence, which is also false, according to the Peruvian Criminal Procedures Code.

 

“I don’t have paper — neither for the Barrios Altos nor La Cantuta case […] I know that [former] president Fujimori gave direct orders to Vladimiro Montesinos, who was the de facto head of the National Intelligence Service.”

However, according to Robles: 1) Legislative Decree 746 put the Army Intelligence Office (DINTE) under the command of the National Intelligence Service (SIN), and the SIN under the command of Fujimori. To date, it has been demonstrated that Colina depended on the DINTE. 2) The systematic behavior of the defendant, how he gave orders and had control.

 

These are sources of information for the Barrios Altos and La Cantuta massacres.

 

3. Ketín Vidal Herrera’s testimony:

Vidal testified that he was not aware of a supposed clandestine policy in the Peruvian army against the subversive groups. Additionally, he gave details on the capture of Abimael Guzmán Reynoso, leader of subversive group Shining Path, and the disarmament of Shining Path. The witness also affirmed that for this work the SIN was not involved at all, only the intelligence work carried out by the Peruvian National Police was used.

 

The next session will continue with the Antonio Ketín Vidal Herrera’s testimony.

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