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Fujimori informed military officials of “self-coup” and laid out measures to follow

April 22nd, 2008 · No Comments

Pablo Carmona Acha. 

April 21, 2008

Fifty-first session. Former military officials Luis Salazar Monroe and Pablo Carmona Acha testified. During questioning, Salazar often claimed he was unable to remember, but did admit that he had known Vladimiro Montesinos since the military dictatorship of Juan Velasco Alvarado (1968-1975). The second witness, Carmona, gave details on the April 5, 1992 coup d’état and the measures that former president Alberto Fujimori laid out for the military.

The most important parts of each testimony include: 

Luis Salazar Monroe:

1.               Unaware of human rights violations. As in the previous hearing, Salazar — who was head of the Second Military Region — said he didn’t know of any human rights violations. He said that he found out about the Cantuta crime through the press the day after it occurred, but since he was not told through official channels, he did nothing about it.

He didn’t look into the disappearances of students from the National Center University or other reports of crimes committed by military personnel under his command.

2.              Vladimiro Montesinos. He didn’t remember exactly when he met Montesinos (Alberto Fujimori’s former “key part”), but knew it was some time during the “revolutionary government of the armed forces” (1968-1975).

 (Trial observers :: Observadores de la audiencia)

Pablo Armando Carmona Acha

1.               Hermoza Ríos in charge of La Cantuta when crime was committed. The Special Forces Division, which had control of La Cantuta University through a Civic Action base, was directly commanded by then president of the Joint Command, Nicolás de Bari Hermoza Ríos.

2.               “Self-coup”. The night of April 3, 1992, the witness said he went to the residence of Hermoza Ríos. At this meeting, “presided over by Fujimori,” the then president told those gathered about the decision to apply a “self-coup.” None of the military officials present objected to the idea, including:


1.- Alberto Fujimori Fujimori.

2.- Vladimiro Montesinos Torres.

3.- Nicolás de Bari Hermoza Ríos.

4.- Víctor Malca Villanueva – former defense minister, currently a fugitive from justice

5.- Juan Briones Dávila – former minister of the interior

6.- Arnaldo Velarde Ramírez – former commander general of the Peruvian air force

7.- Alfredo Arnaiz Ambrossiani – former marine admiral

8.- Adolfo Cuba y Escobedo – former director of the Peruvian national police force

9.- Julio Salazar Monroe – former head of intelligence in Peru

10.- José Valdivia Dueñas

11.- Luis Salazar Monroe


Likewise, then army commander general, Hermoza Ríos, told the meeting participants that people could be arrested and this would be the duty of the police force, to which director of the police force Cuba y Escobedo said nothing.


As far as the witness knows, Fujimori did not do anything to stop the arrests. Neither did he take measures to protect constitutional democracy.


For the next hearing, the witnesses Arnaldo Velarde Ramírez and Petronio Fernández Dávila (former head of the military strategy command in Ayacucho in 1990) have been summoned to testify. 

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