March 28, 2008
Forty-first session. Journalist Umberto Jara — author of the book Ojo por ojo written with information given to him by supposed Colina group leader Santiago Martin Rivas — testified in this session.
In the hearing, state prosecutor Avelino Guillén Jáuregui carried out the examination of Umberto Jara, which was based on the information that Martin Rivas gave Jara between June 2001 and November 2002 in 20 interviews.
Among the most important things mentioned by Jara are:
1. Low-intensity war backed by the president. Based on what Martin Rivas told Jara, this type of war was carried out within the military structure according to the manual on anti-subversive policy, written by the “analysis group.” The war was first approved in June 1991 by high-ranking army officials and later by the president, then Alberto Fujimori.
According to Martin Rivas, this approval was then ratified through the presidential praise Fujimori gave to the analysis group.
In August 1991, Plan Cipango was drafted, giving a basis for the Colina military detachment.
On Nov. 3, Colina committed its first crime: the Barrios Altos murders. Six days later, Fujimori told press that he would finish with the Shining Path before his term ended.
In other words, since Colina was already in motion and applying a low-intensity war strategy, Fujimori felt secure in being able to confirm that Shining Path would fall.
2. Why did Martin Rivas talk? According to Jara, the motives Martin Rivas had to talk while he was in hiding were:
a. There were reports on million-dollar bank accounts of Fujimori-supporting military officials.
b. So-called “vladivideos” began to surface, including one that shows high-ranking military officials signing a pact with Vladimiro Montesinos.
c. When he was looking for economic help — since he couldn’t receive his salary while he was in hiding — he sent a messenger to the house of then commander general, Nicolás de Bari Hermoza Ríos. But the messenger was not received and was merely told by Hermoza’s wife, “The general says they should resist like brave soldiers.”
It’s important to note that at this time (between 2001 and 2002) when Martin Rivas talked to Jara, Alberto Fujimori was in Japan and in December 2000, the Japanese government announced that Fujimori had Japanese citizenship. There was no indication that Fujimori would voluntary return to Peru.
3. More videos, new evidence in the trial.
Jara said that Martin Rivas’ recent testimony that the videos (that show Martin Rivas incriminating Fujimori as chief responsible for Colina’s crimes and his later attempt to give Colina impunity) were just rehearsals, is false and that their content is not contradictory, rather Martin Rivas progressively gives more information since the questions asked by Jara were increasingly detailed.
The witness also signaled that he has the following from his conversations with Martin Rivas:
1. Notes taken in a notebook
2. An audio of Martin Rivas’ declarations
3. Four videos
a. A message from Martin Rivas
b. Three videos of interviews, one of which serves as evidence in this trial
In the next session, Jara will turn in these documents so that the Court can determine if they are relevant and if they will be accepted as evidence.
In the next hearing, Umberto Jara will continue his testimony.